The three year interim between my M.S. and Ph.D. programs was spent working as a pulp and paper industry consultant. I traveled around the U.S. performing in-stream fish, invertebrate, and water quality surveys (i.e., biological assessments) and running bioassay experiments. This was a great opportunity to learn about the natural history of some new regions, like the Pascagoula River, Mississippi. I was also able to take my first close look at the complex interplay of science, environmental law and environmental regulation.